How to Draw a Fruit

Understandably, fruits are among the easiest subjects in still life drawing. Of course, the complexity levels vary within the genre, based upon the fruit chosen. One point of consideration is whether you are looking for a cartooned work or a realistic one. You can choose between a single type and a collection of seasonal fruits. Yet another choice could be that of the backdrop and associated elements in the picture. The following tutorial lays down generalized guidelines for replicating any type of fruit on your drawing board:

• Model. Cartooned fruits are very easy to draw, where you do not need a model. You can use your memory and an understanding of the structures to create your fruits. If the idea is to get a realistic picture, obtain a reference image or a real fruit for the purpose. This will help you with bringing about the right shading effects.

• Basic Frame. Identify the basic geometrical makeup of the fruit. For instance, a watermelon is spherical, a bunch of grapes is a collection of circles, and a banana is an elongated oval. Do not try to give the final shape to your work at this stage. Simply mark the underlying shape on your drawing area. For instance, a mango will begin as a circle only and its curvaceous end will be added later. While handling the skeletal framework, make allowance for the position and size of your final drawing. If you are making a fruit basket or other fruit collections, this foundation work becomes all the more significant. The relative sizes, positions, and appearance will be defined in this step.

• Details. The degree, to which details are required, will depend upon the type of drawing you are attempting. The animations will need the least details, such that an orange may be a simple colored sphere, grapes may be a set of overlapping circles, etc. In fact, you can also tweak their true-life construction a bit. However, the realist still-life art requires a more meticulous work. Even an apple’s skin has patched pattern, a banana skin has black spots, and a pear has a granule-like exterior. All these fine points will be imported to the drawing.

• Shading and coloring. Colors are significant from the point of view of all kinds or drawing. If nothing else, they help in distinguishing between the similar looking fruits, as in cartoons. In the case of a pencil sketch, employ different grades of pencils to produce varying impact of shading. Use it for the presence of light and a three-dimensional look. Smudge the distinctive pencil strokes with a tortillion, wherever necessary.

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